The History of Afternoon Tea: A Truly English Tradition

Next time you settle into your favourite armchair with a nice cuppa, you really ought to raise your cup to thank the seventh Duchess of Bedford. In the early ninteenth century, when tea was growing in popularity, the meals of the day were breakfast and a mid-evening dinner. Not surprisingly, the poor duchess complained of a “sinking feeling” at around 4 pm or 5 pm every day. A pot of tea, sandwiches and cake, taken in the privacy of her boudoir, soon put paid to hunger pangs. As time went on, she began to receive visitors to share her routine at Woburn Abbey. On her return to London, she sent out invitation cards, and other society hostesses followed suit.

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Charles II’s Portguese wife, Catherine de Braganza was addicted to the brew, and is said to have introduced the product to the court in 1662. We have been drinking it for over 350 years, but it was an established favourite in China for centuries before that. If you want to know how many cups we drink a day now, check out the daily counter on the website of the UK Tea Council – it generally reaches 9 figures by mid-evening! The official statistic, in case you can’t wait until midnight, is 165,000,000 per day.

The British & Irish Food website has suggestions of what to serve for your afternoon tea, and how to prepare it, with several scrumptious-looking cake recipes. It includes a short history, and helpfully explains the difference between different types – Irish, English, cream, or high. If you feel that being pampered should be part of the experience, and don’t know where to go, try the daily deal website Dealzippy, afternoon tea in London being a popular offer.

The process of serving afternoon tea in the Duchess of Bedford’s time had to be exact. The first pot of tea was prepared in the kitchen, and carried to the hostess. This teapot was warmed from another one (usually silver) that was kept heated over a small flame. By the 1880s, it had become fashionable for the upper classes to change into long gowns, gloves and hats, and to move into the drawing room.

Afternoon tea today usually consists of sandwiches and scones with jam (a twentieth century addition), followed by small cakes. The Bramah Museum of Tea and Coffee, has a lovely photograph of a tiered cake plate on its website, surrounded by traditional bone china crockery. Unfortunately, the museum itself is closed at the moment, while negotiating for new London premises, but when it re-opens, you will be able to discover the four-hundred-year-old social and commercial history of tea and coffee in Britain. The Twinings tea company also has a small museum, at the back of its historic shop in the Strand, purchased by the family in 1706, and converted from a coffee house.

Ettiquette dictates that this mid-afternoon offering, also know as low tea, is traditionally served at low tables or couches. The person nearest to the teapot should pour for everyone, so the old joke “shall I be mother?” isn’t strictly relevant. Afternoon tea in London is available at venues ranging from plush hotels in Knightsbridge to cosy Kensington tea rooms. Make sure you get a good deal by visiting Deal Zippy for the best prices.

Why the Mediterranean is Perfect for First-time Cruisers

With breathtaking landscapes, historic monuments, and glistening seas, the Mediterranean is a welcoming destination for travellers of all varieties. However, if you are going on your first cruise, heading for the Mediterranean is especially magical. A combination of short journey times and plenty of variety means Mediterranean cruises are great for starting out with.

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Typical Mediterranean Cruise Itineraries
A typical Mediterranean cruise incorporates destinations from France, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Italy, or the Greek islands. Cruise providers purposefully choose destinations that make stopping off in each of these places worthwhile. For example, when visiting Italy, cruisers may find themselves exploring the Renaissance architecture of Rome. Then there is the ancient wonders of Greece and the glistening shores of France’s southern regions.

Throughout Spain, you can see some of Europe’s greatest architectural feats. This includes the cathedrals of Barcelona and rock formations from dazzling caves. Over in Italy, you can stand where the gladiators once stood in the Colosseum, or meander through Venetian rivers. If your cruise reaches Turkey, you can see how Asia and Europe blend perfectly, combining mosques and mausoleums from the ancient era.

The Time You Spend On-board
Cruises aren’t just about the sites you can see, though. Both on-board and when you are exploring Mediterranean shores, you have the chance to experience other cultures. These cultural explorations come in the form of decadent food and tantalising drinks. In Italy this naturally means lots of pizza and pasta, while Greece is full of the world’s best lamb dishes.

Cruise providers offer great facilities to ensure you are not bored when moving from place-to-place. For example, Royal Caribbean Cruises Mediterranean cruises feature kid-focused H2O zones, golf, and sports courts. This means, no matter how old each member of your party is, there is something available for everyone.

Most importantly, Mediterranean cruises are not too long. When you are a first timer, keeping your cruise short is pragmatic for a couple of reasons. While they are thoroughly enjoyable, it is natural to test the waters first. After your first experience, you will know ships well enough to decide how long you want to stay on one and what facilities you need. Finally, you are more likely to find cruises that sail from Southampton. While there are other cruise destinations that do not require flying to a destination, they are not as common. Removing a flight from the equation means you are not so tired when you first step on-board, which in turn allows you to get more out of your trip.

Making Sure You Choose the Right Cruise
When you hear the word ‘Mediterranean’, you could be forgiven for thinking that there are limits in terms of choice. However, there are probably more itineraries for this region than anywhere else. Before you book the cruise, it is worth thinking about what you want to see.

You may not find a cruise that ticks all your destination boxes, but you can find one that ticks most of them. After doing this, further narrow down your choices by on-board facilities. By doing this, you can find your perfect first-time cruise.


An Island Tour of Beautiful Madeira

You may have come across the name of Madeira last time you searched online for ideas for your next holiday destination. Located just under 4 hours away by plane from the UK, Madeira is a true jewel in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Fortunately, mass tourism has not yet arrived to this Portuguese island, so there are plenty of opportunities to discover this natural paradise at your own pace.


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Madeira is unique in many ways. Its volcanic origin has given rise to some of the most dramatic natural landscapes that you can find in this part of the world. And despite the fact that the island is only 35 miles long and 13 miles wide, there is a wide range of activities and sights available, certainly more than enough to keep you busy during your stay. Whether you enjoy colonial architecture, adventure sports, hiking, or simply relaxing and enjoying the local food and wine, you will definitely find something to suit your interests in Madeira. In this post you can find a sample itinerary that you can follow on your discovery tour of this island.

Visiting Funchal
Flights from the UK arrive in Funchal airport. The airport is located some 8 miles away from the city, and although there are buses and taxis available, it is recommended that you rent a car at the airport to maximise your time in the island. There are many well-established companies like National car rental just as you leave arrivals.

The airport is located in the southeast of the island. The coastal road towards Funchal offers glimpses of the spectacular landscapes of Madeira. Take note of the golf courses in the area too if you are interested in practicing this sport while on the island. Once in the city, take a walk around the central market and sample some exotic fruits. There are several cafes in the area where you can enjoy a cup of coffee and soak in the lively atmosphere. The old city is dotted with charming convents, palaces, and colonial houses, as well as beautiful gardens that are a pleasure to stroll around.

Madeira’s interior
Madeira is known for its exquisite wines, so make the most of your time here and drive to Blandy’s Wine Lodge to learn more about Madeira wines. Another point of interest is the road that goes north from Funchal. This is a scenic drive that will take you past two natural parks and several viewpoints.

The western side of the island is sparsely populated and therefore an oasis of peace. You will go past small fishing villages like Sao Vicente, Seixal, and Porto Moniz, where you can relax in the volcanic pools formed where the mountains meet the ocean.

While you are in the northeast of Madeira, take some time to visit the Sao Vicente caves, which were formed 400,000 years ago and are a must-see in the island. On the way back to Funchal, you can stop at the Botanical Gardens, where you will enjoy sweeping views of the city and the sea. There is also a cable car that takes you to the charming village of Monte, perched on the lush hills of Madeira.

Health advice for diabetics when traveling

While diabetes – be it type 1 or type 2 – is a serious condition that must be treated with respect, there is no reason why it should interfere too much with travel plans.  Travelers with diabetes probably need to plan ahead more carefully than most, but in the vast majority of cases they can go virtually anywhere, and see virtually anything, that their travelling ambitions suggest.

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Having decided on a destination(s) a traveler with diabetes should begin their planning by finding out whether crossing time zones will be involved; what types of food are likely to be available in each place (and the times at which they are likely to eat), and the expected level of activity (more or less than usual?) All of these factors can affect a medication regime.


To ensure that the traveler has effective control of their diabetes a pre-travel medical check is also a good idea.  Any immunization shots can also be administered at this time, since diabetic travelers may need more time to recover if those shots make them unwell.  The doctor should supply a prescription for the patient’s usual medication and a letter explaining what type of diabetes this patient has, and the means by which they control it, for example, by using pills or injecting insulin.  The letter should also explain whether the patient has any allergies.


An individual that has diabetes, of either type, should pack their medication and monitoring equipment in their hand luggage and keep it with them at all times – on the aircraft and throughout the trip.  On no account should medication or blood monitoring kits be placed in aircraft hold luggage – the danger of it going missing, or being damaged by extremes of temperature in the hold, is too great.


The general rule is to take at least twice as much medication and blood testing equipment as is likely to be needed, so it is important to be organized and get hold of all of these items well before departure.  Many such items can now be conveniently ordered on the Internet, for example patients can buy Januvia online.  The doctor’s prescription referred to above should be taken in addition to these medications, in case of need: it may be helpful to check out prescription laws in the destination country or countries, too, as these can vary.


Travelers should also keep travel insurance documents on their person at all times, and remember to declare their diabetes to the policy provider.  A list of English-speaking doctors overseas can be obtained from the International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT). Contact details can be found at


Any person that has diabetes should always wear a medical ID, for example a bracelet or necklace, at all times, however, this is particularly important when travelling, especially for those who inject insulin.  It is also a good idea to carry food (in case of none being available when needed) and to remember never to go barefoot, but to check the feet regularly and seek medical attention immediately if infection or inflammation appears.


An insider’s guide to Dublin

It can be fun to be a tourist when you are on holiday – taking those cheesy snaps with a pint of Guinness and crossing off all the famous sights. But it can also be great to get a real feel for a place and it would be a shame not to when the destination is quite as fabulous as Dublin.

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When you are bored of Temple Bar and done with Dublin Castle grab a rental car from Auto Europe and start exploring the lesser known bits of the city. If you don’t know where to start then read on for some ideas, but sssshhhh don’t tell everyone, otherwise they won’t be the hidden gems any longer.

National Leprechaun Museum

It is fair to say that leprechauns fit into the category of stereotype when it comes to Ireland, but this museum is way under-visited. Instead of just making money out of the little green fellows, it actually looks into the tradition and mythology behind the fairy folk, making it highly interesting.

It is also lots of fun, with the chance to find a pot of gold at the end of the rainbow and visit a giant’s house. It certainly won’t be as crowded as the Guinness Storehouse.

The U2 Wall

Windmill Lane Studios was originally opened as a venue for traditional Irish artists to record tracks in 1978, but has since been used by such mainstream acts as U2, Sinead O’Connor and Van Morrison. In reference to this a shrine has emerged on the outside walls, with lyrics, declarations of love and cartoons scrawled on it.

Music fans will surely love this gritty tribute to Irish music and the followers it has gathered across the world. Windmill Lane can be found near City Quay and the River Liffey. It can take a little bit of searching for, but is well worth it in the long run.

The Cobblestone

No trip to Ireland would be complete without an evening spent in the pub, but it can be difficult to find that famed, yet much elusive craic. Try the Cobblestone on Queen Street, which unlike Temple Bar is where the locals drink. The beer is well-kept and up-and-coming local bands can often be heard upstairs.

Green 19

As with many bustling tourist cities it is easy to spend a lot of cash on a meal that is just adequate, but not at Green 19. This relatively new establishment on Camden Street is making a name for itself due to its innovative menu and myriad of drinks on offer including craft ales and cocktails.

What’s more, you will be stunned by the bill and not in a bad way. This is one of the best places to get value for money when dining out in Dublin. Whether it is brunch, lunch or an evening meal, you will find your appetite sated.

The Secret Book and Record Store

No alternative guide to Dublin would be complete without mention of this charming emporium of books and records on Wicklow Street. Easy to miss, its entrance is shared by a yoga centre, but hidden inside is a treasure trove of bargain buys.

Even if you are not planning on purchasing anything, it is a great place to enjoy browsing and soaking up the atmosphere. And the chances are you will end up buying something in the end!


Travel to the Best Destinations in New Zealand

Are you planning a vacation with family and friends to New Zealand? Are you looking for the best places to visit or activities to experience? If you are looking for fun, excitement and adventure, New Zealand has plenty to offer. The country offers many diverse things to see and experience that will make your stay worthwhile.

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New Zealand is really blessed to have different wonderful sceneries and landscaping that will definitely amaze anyone. It is one of the best places tourists love to visit all year round. There are also many positive reviews about the country that can be found on the internet from the people who have already travelled there. The place is truly wonderful with its landscape and geographical location.

The following are some of the best destinations that you can visit to when you are in New Zealand:

Stewart Island is among the island that is considered unusual but exciting to visit. Here you can find the Rakuira National Park that covers eighty five percent of the island. The place is well known for its tropical rain forests, stunning landscapes, beautiful beaches and crystal clear water that everyone would definitely enjoy. The island is also referred to as the Place of the Golden Skies.

Rotorua is a place in New Zealand wherein the landscape is just amazing. You can find active volcanoes and hot springs here plus you can also view and experience the Maori culture. You can also find the best accommodations here with cottages and New Zealand Holiday Homes scattered all over the area. You will definitely enjoy and have fun with the natural beauty and scenic views of the place. You will have fun doing activities such as kayaking and hiking.

Tongariro is a place that you should not miss out when you travel to New Zealand. Here, you can be able to enjoy volcanoes, hiking, skiing as well as other activities. You can go to the Tongarino National Park which is also known as a world heritage site. In this park, you can find active volcanoes and stunning landscaping. The forest is also lush and ideal for mountain climbing and hiking. The rivers are clear and perfect for swimming for the whole family.

You can find a lot of activities to do and experience in New Zealand and lots of beautiful sceneries that your eyes can feast upon. It is also easier to travel from one island to another if you hire a campervan from Wilderness Motor Homes or from snap car rentals.

Enjoy traveling to the scenic and beautiful place of New Zealand and stay at Holiday Homes in Auckland. Travel in comfort with family and friends with the help of snap rentals or wilderness rentals.

A great thing to do is to start a travel blog to document your travels, if you want to learn how to start a travel blog click here.

The Five Best Beaches In The Maldives

If you’re looking for a once in a lifetime beach holiday, the Maldives is most certainly worth visiting. The Maldives are located approximately 430 miles from Sri Lanka, and the islands boast some of the most amazing and breathtaking scenery that the world has on offer.

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Whether you’re looking for a scenic spot to sunbathe, a memorable place to scuba dive or the perfect fishing location, the Maldives has all of these special traits. The Maldives has it all, and some say that it is the perfect holiday destination, it is the complete package.

A trip to the Maldives doesn’t necessarily have to break the bank, and great deals can now be got online if you do your research properly. Sites like Travelbag offer great deals for package holidays to the Maldives.

Once we hear the world ‘Maldives,’ we automatically conjure up an image of  a picture perfect beach – and rightly so! The sand is soft, the waters are idyllically turquoise, and the sky is brilliantly blue – what more could you want from a holiday?

Here is a selection of five of the best beaches that can be found in the Maldives:

1.   Cocoa Island Beaches

Cocoa Island beaches are without a doubt some of the best beaches that can be found in the Maldives. Located on Cocoa Island, these beaches are famous for their exotic appearance and intriguing atmosphere. The beaches are ideal for those that wish to partake in some snorkelling or scuba diving activities. This is mainly because of the location of the islands, and it is the perfect spot to get up close and personal with a large variety of marine life.

2.   Nika Island

Nika Island is surrounded by a reef and shallow lagoon. It is insanely beautiful, and the water can be seen glistening at both day and night. Nika Island is ideal for first time snorkelers as there is no sea current around the island, this ensures that the water is extremely safe and tranquil.

3.   Island of Vabbinfaru

The Island of Vabbinfaru is simply a tropical haven. If you’re an animal lover, a visit to this island will leave you feeling overjoyed and wanting a longer vacation! The island is surrounded by amazing corals with brightly coloured fish, and there is also a marine life conservation centre that is based out the Banyan Tree.

4.   Kuredu Island

Kuredu Island is located in the northern reef of Lhavyani Atoll, and visitors to the island must take a 40 minute ride from Male on a sea plane to get there. Once visitors set foot on the island, they are greeted with a breathtaking 3 kilometer tropical beach that is lined with coconut and palm trees. It is an island that is favourited with watersports fanatics as it offers facilities that include kayaking, windsurfing and many more adventure sports.

5.   Kunfunadhoo Island

Kunfunadhoo Island is considered to be one of the most romantic settings in the Maldives. Over the last number of years, it’s reputation has proceeded it, and it now a firm favourite with honeymoon couples.  The island is visually stunning because of the beautiful natural vegetation environment that can be found all over the island.

Those are just five of the top beaches that can be found in the Maldives, there are many more that may be equally as captivating and spectacular. If you’re looking for striking scenery, fun activities, mouth watering cuisine and a once in a lifetime holiday experience – The Maldives is most definitely the place to go!

Perfect honeymoon backdrops: the Maldives

In my opinion, there’s no honeymoon destination that can top the Maldives. Nestled in the Indian Ocean, this stunning archipelago has everything you could possibly need for a romantic holiday – seclusion, luxury, picture-perfect scenery and activities ranging from the fast-paced and thrilling to the laidback and relaxing.

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If you still need convincing, read my guide to what makes the Maldives the ultimate honeymoon destination.


If there’s one thing that really stands out about the Maldives in terms of its honeymoon credentials (aside from the fact that it offers incredible weather and paradise-like scenery, that is), it’s the seclusion you can enjoy. After all, I think it’s fair to say that most couples crave privacy on their honeymoon – and by staying in the Maldives you can feel like you and your partner are the only two people in the world.

I can say that with such confidence because there’s a strict rule of just one resort per island – something that’s enshrined in Maldivian law, in fact – which means your little slice of paradise never feels overcrowded. Plus, a lot of the hotels here (which I’ll talk more about in a moment) go out of their way to offer as much privacy as possible.


Another Maldivian characteristic that lends the country so well to honeymoons is the fact that the hotels are overwhelmingly high-end and luxurious. For example, the bulk of resorts come equipped with their own lavish spa. This means that a holiday here almost automatically means ultimate luxury.

Within this luxury category there’s still plenty of scope to find somewhere that suits your particular interests. There’s a wealth of amazing resorts to choose from, many of which are so exciting (offering things like scuba diving, indulgent spas, island hopping and such) that I could easily rabbit on about them for hours – but I’ll spare you that! Instead, I’ll take a quick look at just one, which I think is absolutely ideal for honeymoons.

Medhufushi on the Meemu Atoll is an idyllic island getaway. Equipped with an over-water spa, abundant water sports facilities and over-water bar, this establishment offers that little something extra for couples in the form of ultra-private accommodation. Its honeymoon water villas are actually separated from the rest of the resort and only accessible by boat – could there be any setting more perfect than that?

Unforgettable activities

The final Maldivian charm I’m going to look at is the activities on offer. Now, I know that there are plenty of destinations that provide a decent variety of things to do – what makes the Maldives stand out is just how remarkable and memorable these are. And, of course, remarkable and memorable activities are exactly the kind of thing that your honeymoon should be filled with.

Scuba diving is one example. Every resort offers this, and with visibility up to 50 m this really is one of the best places in the world to dive – go to Fish Head to experience local diving at its best.

Another is night fishing. Head out at sunset with local fishermen, who will teach you the basics and help you catch your dinner. Then, sail away to an uninhabited island to cook and eat your catch as part of a delicious barbecue. Not only is the meal amazing, but sitting under the stars on a deserted island is an utterly incredible experience like no other – you’ll never forget it.

Other things to indulge in include romantic candlelit dinners under the stars, island hopping and being pampered in one of the destination’s world-class spas.

Kristy Moore is a travel writer working from various locations around the world; this article was written on behalf of Hayes and Jarvis.


A guide to fine dining in San Francisco

A holiday in San Francisco is full of colours and flavours, whether this is referring to the city’s culture and nightlife or its culinary scene. Spending the days visiting a wealth of tourist attractions is bound to build up an appetite and with so much to choose from in terms of eating establishments it can be hard to know where to begin.

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Be sure to sample the delights of all the different communities that make up San Francisco, as well as the destination’s obsession with fusion food. Having booked your trip with Air Express, then you can start planning your dining experiences. And there is no better place to start than right here.

Frances, 3870 17th Street

Since your San Francisco holiday is likely to take you on a culinary journey around the world, it makes good sense to start off in the place that you have chosen to travel to – California. Making a reservation well in advance or queuing up before 5pm when they open is the only way to get a table at Frances.

It is a world-class restaurant where chef Melissa Perello serves up great Californian cuisine alongside a huge helping of warmth and personal service. The produce is local and cooked with innovative creativity, leading to excellent dishes. Try the baked cherrystone clams or a bavette steak prepared perfectly.

State Bird Provisions, 1529 Fillmore Street

This is another establishment where it is worth planning in advance to visit otherwise you may not find yourself getting seated. An ever-changing menu of imaginative dishes is presented to customers and carts – almost like a Californian tapas or mezze.

Guests can therefore experience a wide selection of flavours within the course of one meal. The fried state bird of the restaurant’s name is quail, with other notable delicacies including duck liver mousse and pancake with smoked sturgeon. Of course the offerings are likely to have changed by the time you visit, but there are bound to be a whole new selection of tempting morsels to try.

Namu Gaji, 499 Dolores Street

From California, wing your taste buds to Korea with this amazing restaurant that fuses flavours from the Asian nation with produce from the United States. It is the brainchild and collaborative project of three brothers – the Lees, who also run a small farm from which they source all their vegetables and herbs.

Expect Korean fried chicken, beef tongue and potato puffs to all grace the menu. The team of waiting staff will also be able to advise you on which of the fine selection of wines will complement the dishes perfectly. And if you can’t get here for your evening meal, they are also open at lunch times.

Nopalito, 306 Broderick Street and 1224 9th Avenue

It is always a good sign when an establishment has to open up a second restaurant in order to cope with demand and this is exactly the case with Nopalito. The selection of tequilas is just as good as the tamales and carnitas that are served up by chefs José Ramos and Gonzalo Guzman.

They have gathered inspiration from several different regions of Mexico, making the menu a varied mix of fine dishes. Many of these are the perfect way to warm yourself up on a foggy San Franciscan day.


Your Health and Travel Abroad

Whilst you may go to great lengths to make sure you’ve packed your favourite bikini and have enough shower gel for a small army, it’s important not to forget about your health when travelling abroad. From preventing DVT to getting vaccinated, there are lots of things to tick off on your holiday health checklist. Here are a few important pointers for you and your family to consider.

Your Health and Travel Abroad


Trips to Western Europe, the US, Canada or Australia generally don’t require any travel vaccinations beforehand, but you should be cautious of travelling to most other places. The National Travel Health Network and Centre’s (NaTHNaC) interactive world map is a great online source that gives you up-to-date information about what vaccinations you will need when you travel to certain countries and also when to get them. You should plan well in advance for most vaccinations. Some need a minimum of six weeks to take full effect and could require more than one visit.


When it comes to the cost, not all vaccinations are available on the NHS and those that are, aren’t necessarily free of charge, so you could have quite a substantial investment on your hands. Once you know exactly what vaccinations you’ll need, shop around and compare your local NHS travel centres and private clinics to see who offers what and who has the best prices.


First Aid Kit

No matter where you’re going, having a well-prepared first aid kit with you will always be useful. Your checklist of health essentials should include:


High Factor Sun Screen

After-sun lotion

Insect repellent



Anti-diarrhoea tablets

Rehydration sachets

Plus the basic first aid equipment – plasters, fabric bandages, safety pins, painkillers, scissors, tweezers and tissues.


Travel Insurance

If you are travelling within the EU (including Switzerland and Norway) you will need a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). This card has replaced the now obsolete E111 form and entitles the cardholder to standard medical treatments for free or at a reduced-cost. The EHIC will only cover you for the basics though, so you will still need travel insurance to cover the cost of emergency situations like mountain rescue or return flights home should you become delayed due to illness. If you are going skiing or carrying out any hazardous sports like climbing, ensure your travel insurance policy will cover these activities as most require an additional add-on for an extra price.



DVT, or deep vein thrombosis, is the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein that can be brought on by a range of things, including prolonged lack of movement – as is the case with long haul flights. If you are worried about DVT on your next flight, the best thing you can do is refrain from sitting in your seat for long periods of time and walk around the plane to stretch your legs as often as possible. Staying hydrated and wearing compression stockings during the flight have been shown effective at reducing the risk of DVT.


Sun Protection

If you and your family are travelling to a hot destination during the peak summer season it’s important to stay protected from the sun. Skin cancer is caused by over-exposure to the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays and most cases can be prevented by just wearing plenty of sunscreen with a minimum SPF 20 that protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Stay sun-smart by keeping covered with t-shirts, hats and sunglasses and ensuring you get plenty of shade during the hottest hours from 11am to 3pm.